Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)

Juran Knowledge

History of Total Productive Maintenance

The origins of TPM are in the expansion of maintenance into a more comprehensive view with increased employee involvement. Equipment maintenance was formerly carried out by the operation. After work became more organized and specialized, preventive maintenance was turned over to specialists. This was typically a small group of highly trained individuals who could fix nearly any problem with the machine.

What is Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)?

TPM is a philosophy of manufacturing that focuses on the effective relationship of workers to equipment and the meaning and elimination of waste. Routine maintenance responsibilities are carried out by all employees through small group activities so troubles are identified by the employee before quality begins to suffer.

TPM involves:

  • Preventive Maintenance: Routine inspections, replacements, and repairs on a scheduled basis.
  • Corrective Maintenance: Redesigning and/or modifying equipment to prevent breakdowns or simplify maintenance.
  • Breakdown Maintenance: A plan enabling quick response to unscheduled breakdowns.
  • Maintenance Prevention: Installing equipment that needs little maintenance.

TPM is a valuable tool when inspecting your facility and the following are found:

  • Dirty equipment
  • Leaks
  • Buildup of raw material waste
  • Tangled lines (electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic)
  • Dismantling of equipment for inspections
  • Clutter



For more information on total productive maintenance and how Juran can help you leverage it to improve business quality and productivity, please get in touch with the team.


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Author: Juran

For the past 75 years, Juran has been an industry leader in performance excellence. We are your on-demand team of trainers, coaches, and expert consultants. Built upon the philosophies laid out by Dr. Juran, the father of quality, we put you on the fast track to results by designing improvement initiatives that actually work. We aim to help all organizations achieve the highest quality of products, people, and processes, and we understand the importance of transferring our knowledge to your team to guarantee the success of your program in the future.